Matthew D. Green
I am an Associate Professor at the Johns Hopkins Information Security Institute.
My research includes techniques for privacy-enhanced information
storage, anonymous payment systems, and bilinear map-based
cryptography. I am one of the creators of the Zerocash protocol, which is used by the Zcash cryptocurrency, and a founder of Sealance, which enables regulatory compliance for digital assets. I was formerly a partner in Independent Security Evaluators, a custom security evaluation and design consultancy and I currently consult independently. From
1999-2003, I served as a senior technical staff member at AT&T
Laboratories/Research in Florham Park, NJ.
My research focus is in the area of applied cryptography. My recent work includes developing privacy-preserving cryptographic protocols for implementing anonymous electronic cash and identification. I have also developed protocols that allow users to access databases without revealing which data they're accessing. Additionally, I have been working on new automation techniques to assist in the design and deployment of advanced cryptographic protocols.
I also work in the area of cryptographic engineering. This work involves understanding the practical aspects of cryptographic systems, implementing cryptographic protocols, and in some cases reverse-engineering deployed systems. I teach an introductory course on this subject. Additionally, I've designed several cryptographic tools, including Charm, a framework for rapidly prototyping cryptosystems, and a Functional Encryption library that provides implementations of several new Attribute Based Encryption schemes.
601.741: Advanced Topics in Secure and Censorship-Resistant Communications. Spring 2021.
601.445, 601.645: Practical Cryptographic Systems. Fall 2021. Previously: Spring 2021, Fall 2018, Fall 2017, 2016, Spring 2015, 2014, 2013. Fall 2012. Spring 2011, 2010, 2009.
601.641/601.441: Blockchains and Cryptocurrencies. Fall 2020, Spring 2019.
601.745: Advanced Topics in Applied Cryptography. Spring 2018.
600.444: Computer Networks. Spring 2017.
600.443: Security and Privacy in Computing. Fall 2015.
600.642: Advanced Topics in Cryptography. Fall 2011.
A Few Thoughts on Cryptographic Engineering. Started as a lazy man's attempt to write a book on practical crypto topics, this has gradually taken on a life of its own.
"Squint Hard Enough: Evaluating Perceptual Hashing with Machine Learning". J. Prokos, T. M. Jois, N. Fendley, R. Schuster, M. Green, E. Tromer, and Y. Cao To appear in Usenix Security 2023. (ePrint PDF)
"One-Time Programs from Commodity Hardware". H. Eldridge, A. Goel, M. Green, A. Jain, and M. Zinkus To appear in TCC 2022.
"Stacking Sigmas: A Framework to Compose Sigma-Protocols for Disjunctions". A. Goel, M. Green, M. Hall-Andersen, G. Kaptchuk In EUROCRYPT 2022. (ePrint PDF)
"Efficient Set Membership using MPC-in-the-head". A. Goel, M. Green, M. Hall-Andersen, G. Kaptchuk In PoPETS 2022. (ePrint PDF)
"Fluid MPC: Secure Multiparty Computation with Dynamic Participants". A. R. Choudhuri, A. Goel, M. Green, A. Jain, G. Kaptchuk In CRYPTO 2021. (ePrint PDF)
"Fuzzy Message Detection". G. Beck, J. Len, I. Miers, M. Green To appear in ACM CCS 2021. (ePrint PDF)
"Meteor: Cryptographically Secure Steganography for Realistic Distributions". G. Kaptchuk, T. Jois, M. Green, A. Rubin In ACM CCS 2021. (ePrint PDF)
"Abuse-Resistant Law Enforcement Access Systems". M. Green, G. Kaptchuk, G. van Laer To appear in EUROCRYPT 2021. (ePrint PDF)
"Using SMT Solvers to Automate Chosen Ciphertext Attacks". G. Beck, M. Zinkus, M. Green. In Usenix Security 2020. (ePrint PDF)
"ZEXE: Enabling Decentralized Private Computation". S. Bowe, A. Chiesa, M. Green, I. Miers, P. Mishra, H. Wu. In IEEE Symposium on Security & Privacy 2020. (ePrint PDF)
"Giving State to the Stateless: Augmenting Trustworthy Computation with Ledgers". G. Kaptchuk, M. Green, I. Miers. In NDSS 2019. (ePrint PDF)
"Practical state recovery attacks against legacy RNG implementations". S. Cohney, M. Green, N. Heninger. In ACM CCS 2018. (PDF)
"How to Squeeze a Crowd: Reducing Bandwidth in Mixing Cryptocurrencies". A. Chator and M. Green. In IEEE S&P On the Blockchain. (PDF)
"Fairness in an Unfair World: Computation from Append-only Ledgers". A. Choudhuri, M. Green, A. Jain, G. Kaptchuk, I. Miers. In ACM CCS 2017. (ePrint PDF)
"Verified Correctness and Security of mbedTLS HMAC-DRBG". K. Ye, M. Green, N. Sanguansin, L. Beringer, A. Petcher, A. Appel. In ACM CCS 2017. (PDF)
"Bolt: Anonymous Payment Channels for Decentralized Currencies". M. Green, I. Miers In ACM CCS 2017. (ePrint PDF)
"Outsourcing Medical Dataset Analysis: A Possible Solution". G. Kaptchuk, M. Green, A. Rubin In Financial Cryptography 2017. (PDF)
"Decentralized Anonymous Micropayments". A. Chiesa, M. Green, J. Liu, P. Miao, I. Miers, P. Mishra. In EUROCRYPT 2017. (PDF)
"A Systematic Analysis of the Juniper Dual EC Incident". S. Checkoway, J. Maskiewicz, C. Garman, J. Fried, S. Cohney, M. Green, N. Heninger, R.P. Weinmann, E. Rescorla, H. Shacham. In ACM CCS 2016. (PDF)
"A Protocol for Privately Reporting Ad Impressions at Scale". M. Green, W. B. Ladd, I. Miers. In ACM CCS 2016. (PDF)
"A Unified Approach to Idealized Model Separations via Indistinguishability Obfuscation". M. Green, J. Katz, A. Malozemoff, H-S. Zhou. To appear in Security and Cryptography for Networks (SCN) 2016. (ePrint PDF)
"Dancing on the Lip of the Volcano: Chosen Ciphertext Attacks on Apple iMessage". C. Garman, M. Green, G. Kaptchuk, I. Miers, M. Rushanan. To appear in Usenix Security 2016. (PDF)
"Downgrade Resilience in Key-Exchange Protocols". K. Bhargavan, C. Brzuska, C. Fournet, M. Green, M. Kohlweiss, S. Zanella-Béguelin. In IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (Oakland) 2016. (PDF)
"Accountable Privacy for Decentralized Anonymous Payments". C. Garman, M. Green, I. Miers. In Financial Cryptography 2016. (PDF)
"Imperfect Forward Secrecy: How Diffie-Hellman Fails in Practice". D. Adrian, K. Bhargavan, Z. Durumeric, P. Gaudry, M. Green, J. A. Halderman, N. Heninger, D. Springall, E. Thomé, L. Valenta, B. VanderSloot, E. Wustrow, S. Zanella-Béguelin, P. Zimmermann. In ACM CCS 2015. (Site) (PDF)
"Forward Secure Asynchronous Messaging from Puncturable Encryption". M. Green, I. Miers. In IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (Oakland) 2015. (PDF)
"Secure Sampling of Public Parameters for Succinct Zero Knowledge Proofs". E. Ben-Sasson, A. Chiesa, M. Green, E. Tromer, M. Virza. In IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (Oakland) 2015. (PDF)
"On the Practical Exploitability of Dual EC in TLS Implementations". S. Checkoway, M. Fredrikson, R. Niederhagen, M. Green, T. Lange, T. Ristenpart, D. J. Bernstein, J. Maskeiwicz, H. Shacham. In Usenix Security 2014. (Website) (PDF)
"Zerocash: Practical Decentralized Anonymous E-Cash from Bitcoin". E. Ben-Sasson, A. Chiesa, C. Garman, M. Green, I. Miers, E. Tromer, M. Virza. In IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (Oakland) 2014.
"Decentralized Anonymous Credentials". C. Garman, M. Green, I. Miers. In NDSS 2014.
"Using SMT Solvers to Automate Design Tasks for Encryption and Signature Schemes". A. Akinyele, M. Green, S. Hohenberger. In ACM CCS 2013.
"Zerocoin: Anonymous Distributed e-Cash from Bitcoin". I. Miers, C. Garman, M. Green, A. Rubin. In IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (Oakland) 2013. (PDF)
"New Definitions and Separations for Circular Security". D. Cash, M. Green, S. Hohenberger. In PKC 2012 (ePrint PDF)
"Self-Protecting Electronic Medical Records Using Attribute-Based Encryption". J. A. Akinyele, C. Lehmann, M. Green, M. Pagano, Z. Peterson, A. Rubin. In ACM CCS SPSM 2011 (ePrint PDF)
"Outsourcing the Decryption of ABE Ciphertexts". M. Green, S. Hohenberger, B. Waters. In Usenix Security 2011.
"Securing Medical Records on Smart Phones". R. W. Gardner, S. Garera, M. W. Pagano, M. Green and A. Rubin. In SPIMACS 2009.
"Identity-Based Proxy Re-encryption". M. Green,
G. Ateniese. In ACNS 2007. (ePrint PDF)
"Security Analysis of a Cryptographically-Enabled
RFID Device". S. Bono, M. Green, A. Stubblefield, A. Juels,
A. Rubin, M. Szydlo. 14th USENIX Security Symposium, August 2005. (PDF). "Best Student Paper", Usenix Security 2005.
"Improved Proxy Re-encryption Schemes with
Applications to Secure Distributed Storage" (Conference version).
G. Ateniese, K. Fu, M. Green, S. Hohenberger. Proceedings of the 12th Annual Network and
Distributed Systems Security Symposium (NDSS
2005), San Diego, California, 2005. (Full Version PDF)
"PRISM, an IP-Based Architecture for Broadband Access to TV and Other Streaming Media" A. Basso, C. Cranor, R. Gopalakrishnan, M. Green, C.R. Kalmanek, D. Shur, S. Sibal, C.J. Sreenan, J.E. van der Merwe. Proceedings of IEEE International Workshop of Network and Operating System Support for Digital Audio and Video (NOSSDAV), June 2000. (PDF)
"Imperfect Forward Secrecy: How Diffie-Hellman Fails in Practice". D. Adrian, K. Bhargavan, Z. Durumeric, P. Gaudry, M. Green, J. A. Halderman, N. Heninger, D. Springall, E. Thomé, L. Valenta, B. VanderSloot, E. Wustrow, S. Zanella-Béguelin, P. Zimmermann. In Communications of the ACM (CACM). (abstract) (PDF)
"Developers Are Not The Enemy! The need for usable security APIs". M. Green, M. Smith. In IEEE Security & Privacy.
"Keys Under Doormats: Mandating Insecurity by Requiring Government Access to All Data and Communications". H. Abelson, R. Anderson, S. M. Bellovin, J. Benaloh, M. Blaze, W. Diffie, J. Gilmore, M. Green, S. Landau, P. G. Neumann, R. L. Rivest, J. I. Schiller, B. Schneier, M. Specter, D. J. Weitzner. In Journal of Cybersecurity. (PDF)
"Machine-Generated Algorithms, Proofs and Software for the Batch Verification of Digital Signature Schemes". A. Akinyele, M. Green, S. Hohenberger, M. Pagano. In Journal of Computer Security (JCS).
"Charm: A Framework for Rapidly Prototyping Cryptosystems". A. Akinyele, C. Garman, I. Miers, M. Pagano, M. Rushanan, M. Green, A. Rubin In Journal of Cryptographic Engineering (JCEN).
"The Threat in the Cloud". M. Green. In IEEE Security & Privacy Magazine (Spring 2013).
"Access Controls for Oblivious and Anonymous Systems". G. S. Coull, M. Green, S. Hohenberger. In ACM Transactions on Information and System Security (TISSEC).
"Improved Proxy Re-encryption Schemes with Applications to Secure Distributed Storage". G. Ateniese, K. Fu, M. Green, S. Hohenberger. ACM Transactions on Information and System Security (TISSEC), Volume 9, Issue 1, 2006. (ACM Portal)
"Security Through Legality".
S. Bono, A. Rubin, A. Stubblefield, M. Green. Communications of the ACM (CACM), June 2006.
"Prism Architecture: Supporting Enhanced Streaming Services in a Content Distribution Network". C. Cranor, M. Green,C.Kalmanek, D. Shur, S. Sibal, K. van der Merwe. IEEE Internet Computing,pp. 66-75, July/August 2001 (PDF)
Technical Reports and Submissions
Data Security on Mobile Devices. M. Zinkus, T. Jois, M. Green. Public report on mobile device security. January 2021.
"Correlation-Resistant Storage via Keyword-Searchable Encryption". L. Ballard,
M. Green, B. de Medeiros, F. Monrose. Technical Report. (PDF)
"Content Protection for Optical Media". M. Green. 2005. (PDF)
"Apple Wants to Protect Children. But It's Creating Serious Privacy Risks.". M. Green, A. Stamos. In New York Times, Op-ed section. August 2021.
"Why I'm Worried About Google". M. Green. In Slate. September 2018.
"Why Apple Won't Unlock your iPhone for Police". M. Green. In Slate, Future Tense. September 2014.
"The Daunting Challenge of Secure Email". M. Green. In The New Yorker, Elements blog. November 2013.
"Cryptography for Secure and Private Databases: Enabling Practical Database Access without Compromising Privacy". M. Green; Ph. D. Thesis (PDF)
I am advising Alishah Chator, Gijs van Laer, Gabrielle Beck, Max Zinkus and I am co-advising Pratyush Ranjan Tiwari, Harry Eldridge and Aditya Hegde. I previously advised Dr. Gabriel Kaptchuk, Dr. Christina Garman (now at Purdue), Dr. Ian Miers (now at UMD), Dr. Ayo Akinyele and Dr. Matthew Pagano.
Software Projects / Misc.
"Tornado Repositories". Not my code: an archival fork of the Tornado Cash Github repositories that were removed by Treasury/OFAC SDN order on August 8. 2022.
"Meteor". Steganographic techniques for censorship-resistance.
"The OpenABE Attribute-Based Encryption Toolkit". Developed by my company Zeutro, a library implementation of Ciphertext-Policy and Key-Policy Attribute-Based Encryption schemes and other cryptographic primitives. Available under the AGPL license.
"The Open Crypto Audit Project". An organization founded to perform public audits of opens source cryptography software, including Truecrypt and OpenSSL.
NIST FOIA. Results of a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to NIST (by EFF/Matthew Stoller) seeking information on the alleged NSA subversion of the Dual EC DRBG algorithm in NIST Special Publication 800-90A.
libzerocoin. A C++ implementation of the core cryptographic routines for the Zerocoin protocol.
Charm: A framework for rapidly prototyping cryptosystems. A Python-based prototyping framework to assist cryptographers and researchers in the development of new cryptographic schemes and protocols.
"The JHU-MIT Proxy Re-cryptography Library". A C++ implementation of two proxy re-encryption schemes.
"The JHU-MIT Proxy Re-cryptography Library". A C++ implementation of two proxy re-encryption schem es.
"Art for Cryptographers". Not a software project at all -- a bit of wonderful graphic art for use in security presentations.
Usenix Security 2019. Website and CFP.
Real World Crypto 2019. Website and CFP.
Financial Cryptography 2019. Website and CFP.
ENIGMA 2018. Website and CFP.
IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy. Website and CFP.
CRYPTO 2017. Website and CFP.
Financial Cryptography 2017. Website and CFP.
Usenix Security 2016. Website and CFP.
Oakland 2015. Website and CFP.
ACM CCS 2014. Website and CFP.
Financial Cryptography 2014. Website and CFP.
ICISC 2013. Website and CFP.
Usenix Security 2013. Website and CFP.
Usenix Security 2012. Website and CFP.
PKC 2012. Website and CFP.
Usenix Security 2011. Website and CFP.
CANS 2010. Website and CFP.
EC-Web 2010. Website and CFP.
ProvSec 2010. Website and CFP.
ICISC 2009. Website and CFP.
Pairing 2009. Website and CFP.
EC-Web 2009. Website and CFP.
5.2.2018 Eurocrypt 2018 keynote. "Thirty years of digital currency: from DigiCash to Bitcoin".
2.21.2016 Network and Distributed Systems Symposium (NDSS) 2016 keynote. "On Subverting Trust". (Slides).
6.4.2015 Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Security (CHES) 2015 keynote. "Secure Protocols in a Hostile World" (Slides).
6.4.2015 Applied Cryptography and Network Security conference. "From Strong Mathematics to Weak Cryptography".
1.24.2015 Yale University. "Decentralized Electronic Cash from Bitcoin".
10.21.2014 Princeton University. "Decentralized Anonymous Credentials and Electronic Payments from Bitcoin".
8.19.2014 Usenix WOOT. Invited talk, "Practical Kleptography". (Slides and recording).
8.19.2014 Usenix HOTSEC. Discussion lead, "Life after Heartbleed".
1.13.2014 Yale University. "Decentralized Electronic Cash from Bitcoin".
1.13.2014 Rutgers University. "Zerocash: Decentralized Anonymous Payments from Bitcoin".
1.13.2014 Real World Crypto (RWC '14). "Toward making Bitcoin Anonymous". (Video, Slides)
8.13.2013 Usenix Summit on Hot Topics in Security (HotSec '13). "What's wrong with cryptographic API design and what we can do to fix it". (Audio, Slides)
4.24.2013 Microsoft Research. "Zerocoin: Anonymous Distributed e-Cash from Bitcoin". (Video)
2.19.2013 Dartmouth College. "Cryptography is a Systems Problem (or Should we Deploy TLS?)". (Video)
7.19.2011 Microsoft Research. "Charm: A framework for rapidly prototyping cryptosystems". (Video)
9.15.2005 National Science Foundation. "Attacking and Defending RFID Security Systems".
"Award for Outstanding Research in Privacy Enhancing Technologies (PET award)", 2007. (press release).
Co-Founder, Sealance Corp. Regulatory compliance for digital assets.
Co-Founder, Zeutro LLC. 2010-2020. Developing Attribute-Based Encryption technology for enterprise use.
Founder, Cryptography Engineering LLC. 2012-present. Security evaluation and expert witness consulting.
Co-founder, Independent Security Evaluators (ISE). 2004-2011. Custom evaluation and design of security systems.
Senior Technical Staff Member, AT&T
Laboratories/Research, Florham Park, NJ. 1999-2003. Conducted research and oversaw technology
transfer for audio coding, secure content delivery and content
distribution network projects.
Postal Mail: Matthew Green, JHU Information Security Institute, 3400
North Charles Street, 313 Malone Hall, Baltimore, MD 21218
Phone: (410) 861-0344
Fax: (410) 516-8457
Please don't use PGP.
Download my Curriculum Vitae, but be aware I don't update it very frequently.
Page last updated March 30, 2022