SPAR

Security and Privacy Applied Research Lab

Non-Interactive Hierarchical Key Distribution for MANETs

Tal Rabin
IBM T.J. Watson Research Center

Abstract

Key agreement is a fundamental security functionality by which pairs of nodes agree on shared keys to be used for protecting their pairwise communications. In this work we study key-agreement schemes that are well-suited for the mobile network environment. Specifically, we describe schemes with the following characteristics: Non-interactive: any two nodes can compute a unique shared secret key without interaction; Identity-based: to compute the shared secret key, each node only needs its own secret key and the identity of its peer; Hierarchical: the scheme is decentralized through a hierarchy where intermediate nodes in the hierarchy can derive the secret keys for each of its children without any limitations or prior knowledge on the number of such children or their identities; Resilient: the scheme is fully resilient against compromise of any number of leaves} in the hierarchy, and of a threshold number of nodes in each of the upper levels of the hierarchy.

Several schemes in the literature have three of these four properties, but the schemes in this work are the first to possess all four. This makes them well-suited for environments such as MANETs and tactical networks which are very dynamic, have significant bandwidth and energy constraints, and where many nodes are vulnerable to compromise. We provide rigorous analysis of the proposed schemes and discuss implementations aspects.

Biography

Tal Rabin is a research staff member in, and manager of the Cryptography Research group at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center. Tal received her Ph.D. in Computer Science from the Hebrew University, Israel in 1994, and was an NSF Postdoc Fellow at MIT between 1994-1996. Following her postdoc she joined IBM in 1996, and started managing the group in 1997. Tal's areas of interest are secure distributed protocols, provable security of cryptographic tools and privacy. Dr. Rabin publishes regularly in the leading cryptography and security conferences and journals. She will serve as the Program chair of Crypto 2010.